By Fabian Cambero
SANTIAGO (Reuters) – Chileans will go to the polls on Sunday to approve or reject a brand new structure that can substitute the Andean nation’s present textual content that dates again a long time to the period of navy dictator Augusto Pinochet.
The proposed new structure focuses on social rights, the setting and gender equality, a pointy shift from the market-based present one which marked a long time of improvement however exacerbated inequalities that led to months of indignant protests in 2019.
Why is that this the case?
The brand new textual content, if accredited, would set the stage for stronger environmental protections on the earth’s prime producer of copper and No. 2 producer of the battery metallic lithium, which has raised some considerations within the mining sector.
Uncertainties have additionally rattled markets and buyers, though the probability of the present textual content failing is unlikely to decrease whatever the consequence given a brand new course of.
“Even when rejection prevails, institutional uncertainty stays,” funding financial institution JPMorgan mentioned in a observe.
What do the polls say?
The latest polls since April present extra voters plan to reject the brand new structure than to approve it, with a constant lead of about 10 factors within the final month of polling. Pollsters are presently in a black out interval.
How will the vote work?
Greater than 15 million Chileans and residents are eligible to take part within the obligatory vote on Sunday, voting at almost 3,000 websites throughout the nation.
Polls open at 8 am native time (1200 GMT) and shut at 6 pm, except voters are nonetheless in line. The outcomes are anticipated inside a couple of hours.
What occurs subsequent?
If the textual content is accredited, the ruling coalition has signed an settlement to reform and “make clear” sure areas of the structure. There are additionally 57 short-term clauses that can result in change from the prevailing structure.
If the textual content is rejected, President Gabriel Boric has mentioned a brand new constitutional course of have to be launched to comply with a 2020 referendum the place 80% of Chileans voted in favor of a brand new one to switch the Pinochet-era textual content. Voted to border the structure.
Different political factions say the present textual content might be extra simply amended utilizing lately accredited quorum changes.
(Reporting by Fabian Andres Cambero; Enhancing by Alistair Bell)